The most prominent Phoenician cities were Byblos, Sidon and Tyre, while their most famous colonies were Carthage in present-day Tunisia and Cádiz in present-day Spain.
Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon during the independence, Riad El-Solh, first Lebanese prime minister and Emir Majid Arslan II, first Lebanese minister of defence, are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence.
Foreign troops withdrew completely from Lebanon on 31 December 1946, although the country was subjected to military occupations by Syria that lasted nearly thirty years before being withdrawn in April 2005 as well as Israel for fifteen years before being withdrawn in May 2000.
During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome.
The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
The cities of Phoenicia were incorporated into the Persian Achaemenid Empire by Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE.
The region that is now Lebanon, as with the rest of Syria and much of Anatolia, became a major center of Christianity in the Roman Empire during the early spread of the religion.During the 11th century the Druze faith emerged from a branch of Shia Islam.The new faith gained followers in the southern portion of Mount Lebanon.These Christians came to be known as Maronites and moved into the mountains to avoid religious persecution by Roman authorities.During the 7th century the Muslim Arabs conquered Syria establishing a new regime to replace the Byzantines.As part of the Levant, it was part of numerous succeeding empires throughout ancient history, including the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Achaemenid Persian, Hellenistic, Roman and Sasanid Persian empires.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating